Wanda Rutkiewicz (February 4, 1943 – May 12–13, 1992) was a Polish mountain climber. She was the first woman to successfully climb the summits K2 and Mount Everest.
Rutkiewicz used to ride a Junak, the heaviest Polish motorcycle, which indirectly contributed to her interest in climbing. One summer day in 1961, it ran out of fuel. She started waving to people passing her vehicle. The man riding the motorcycle which stopped to help was travelling with a colleague Bogdan Jankowski, who had been climbing for two years. This meeting resulted in their climbing of the Falcon Mountains.
On 16 October 1978, she became the first European woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest. In 1986 she became the first woman to successfully climb and descend K2, which she did without supplemental oxygen.
Rutkiewicz’s goal was to become the first woman to summit all fourteen of the eight-thousanders. During her climbing life she successfully summitted the following mountains:Mount Everest, Nanga Parbat, K2, Shishapangma, Gasherbrum II, Gasherbrum I, Cho Oyu, Annapurna I and Kangchenjunga (uncertain)
It is not known if Rutkiewicz summitted Kangchenjunga. If she did so, she would have been the first woman to reach the top of the world’s three highest mountains. Rutkiewicz’s body is still not found.
Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist. In 1927, at age 25, he went from obscurity as a U.S. Air Mail pilot to instantaneous world fame by making his Orteig Prize–winning nonstop flight from Long Island, New York, to Paris. He made the ?33 1/2-hour, 3,600 statute miles (5,800 km) alone in a single-engine purpose-built Ryan monoplane, Spirit of St. Louis. He was the 19th person to make a Transatlantic flight, but Lindbergh’s flight covered a far longer distance.
His achievement powerfully boosted interest in commercial aviation and air mail, and he himself devoted much time and effort to promoting such interest. In March 1932 his infant son, Charles Jr., was kidnapped and murdered in what was widely called the “Crime of the Century” and described by H. L. Mencken as “the biggest story since the resurrection”; the case prompted the United States Congress to make kidnapping a federal crime.